Acta Med. 2015, 58: 123-127

Dental and Oral Lesions in HIV-Positive Individuals in East Bohemia – Czech Republic, Single Centre Experience

Martin Šembera, Vladimíra Radochová, Radovan Slezák

Department of Dentistry, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital in Hradec Králové, Czech Republic

Received June 22, 2015
Accepted October 29, 2015

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a serious health issue and one of the world most devastating epidemics. An estimated 1.5 million people died from AIDS-related illnesses in 2013, and an estimated 37 million people with AIDS have died worldwide since the epidemic has begun. HIV infection is known for its oral manifestations which causes discomfort and pain for infected individuals. The objective of this study was to document oral conditions of HIV positive patients and the pattern and frequency of oral and dental lesions. Methods: All patients with confirmed HIV infection who were treated at the Department of Dentistry, University Hospital in Hradec Králové, were examined. Results: During the study period, 29 HIV positive patients were examined and treated – 19 men, 10 women, with mean age of 32.9 years (range 22–58 years). 72.41% patients received ART. In total, all patients underwent 186 visits. The most frequent treatments were associated with teeth and periodontal lesions (71.80%), oral mucosal lesions were diagnosed and treated only in 3.96% cases. Conclusion: Since the introduction of ART, the frequency of oral mucosal lesions is minimal in patients with HIV infection.


Supported by the research project PRVOUK P37/13.


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