Acta Med. 2007, 50: 17-21

Inflammation and Genes

Eliška Marklová

Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové and University Hospital Hradec Králové, Department of Pediatrics, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic

Received December 1, 2006
Accepted February 1, 2007

Inflammation is a protective immune response to infection, trauma, or injury; however, only a subset of patients develops inflammation, suggesting other contributing factors involved, such as the environment and genes. Inflammationassociated genes involving those with pro- and anti-inflammatory effect should be properly balanced and regulated; the protein products of these genes ultimately determine the outcome of inflammation. Apart from gene mutations, gene polymorphisms related to some inflammatory markers also appear to correlate with the incidence and/or outcome of serious inflammatory events. Some genes recently recognized to be associated with inflammation are briefly reviewed. Modern genomic approaches, such as DNA micro-arrays and serial analysis of gene expression, allow for determining the extremely complex profile of inflammatory genes.


Supported by the Research Project MZO 00179906.


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