Acta Med. 1999, 42: 127-131

Neuroprotective Effects of Antidotes in Soman-Poisoned Rats

Jiří Kassa, Marie Koupilová

Purkyně Military Medical Academy, Hradec Králové, Department of Toxicology, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic

Received April 1, 1999
Accepted September 1, 1999

1. The neuroprotective effects of antidotes (atropine, obidoxime/atropine mixture, HI-6/atropine mixture) on rats poisoned with soman at a sublethal dose (48 μg/kg i.m.; 60% of LD50 value) were studied. The neurotoxicity was monitored using a functional observational battery (FOB) and an automatic measurement of motor activity. The neurotoxicity of soman was monitored at 24h and 7d following soman poisoning. 2. The results indicate that atropine alone and the oxime HI-6 in combination with atropine seem to be effective antidotal treatment for the elimination of soman-induced neurotoxicity in the case of sublethal poisonings. 3. On the other hand, the combination of obidoxime with atropine appears to be practically ineffective in diminishing neurotoxic soman-induced symptoms. 4. Dealing with neuroprotective effects of antidotes, the oxime HI-6 in combination with atropine seems to be more suitable antidotal mixture than obidoxime in combination with atropine even in the case of sublethal poisoning with nerve agents.


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