Acta Med. 2017, 60: 157-159

A Large Laryngeal Mucocele Causing Progressive upper Airway Obstruction and Cervical Swelling

Ioannis Aidonisa, Nikolaos Lazaridisb, Maria Piagkouc, Nikolaos Anastasopoulosb, Konstantinos Natsisb

aBioclinic Thessaloniki, Greece
bDepartment of Anatomy and Surgical Anatomy, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
cDepartment of Anatomy, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece

Received August 18, 2017
Accepted November 30, 2017

Laryngocele (LC) is an uncommon clinical entity, occasionally associated with fatal complications. If its neck becomes obstructed, mucous accumulates and then a laryngeal mucocele (LMC) is formed. Reports of LMCs are rare in the literature. A fluid-filled combined LMC in a 48 year-old Greek construction worker with presenting symptoms of cervical swelling and dysphonia is described. The male patient was surgically treated via an external approach. A LC rarely becomes symptomatic and infection unusually occurs. Magnetic resonance imaging depicts in detail the size, extension and structure of the neck mass and remains the diagnostic gold standard, providing superior soft-tissue discrimination, in cases of a concurrent laryngeal tumor. Histopathological examination confirms diagnosis, since there is always a high index of suspicion for malignancy. Established guidelines regarding surgical treatment of a LC do not exist. Although during the last two decades micro laryngoscopy with CO2 laser has gained popularity for the treatment of an internal LC, the external approach still remains the method of choice in cases of a combined LMC.


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