Acta Med. 2013, 56: 117-123


Jitka Jančová Všetečkováa,b, Nicholas Dreyb

aCharles University in Prague, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, Czech Republic: Department of Sport Medicine and Adapted Physical Education
bSchool of Health Sciences, City University London, United Kingdom


1. Spirduso WW, Francis KL, MacRae PG. Physical dimensions of aging. Human Kinetics Publishers, 2005.
2. Lord SR, Sambrook PN, Gilbert C, et al. Postural stability, falls and fractures in the elderly: results from the Dubbo Osteoporosis Epidemiology Study. Med J Aust 1994; 160(11): 684. <>
3. Dhesi JK, Jackson SHD, Bearne LM, Moniz C, Hurley MV, Swift CG, et al. Vitamin D supplementation improves neuromuscular function in older people who fall. Age Ageing 2004; 33(6): 589. <>
4. Heinrich S, Rapp K, Rissmann U, Becker C, König HH. Cost of falls in old age: a systematic review. Osteoporosis Int 2010; 21(6): 891–902. <>
5. Rubenstein LZ. Falls in older people: epidemiology, risk factors and strategies for prevention. Age Ageing 2006; 35(suppl 2): ii37. <>
6. Gillespie LD, Robertson MC, Gillespie WJ, et al. Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009; 2.
7. Howe T, Rochester L, Jackson A, Banks P, Blair V. Exercise for improving balance in older people (Review). 2008.
8. Kalvach Z. Geriatrie a gerontologie. Grada, 2004.
9. Skelton DA. Effects of physical activity on postural stability. Age Ageing 2001; 30(suppl 4): 33–39. <>
10. Coggan AR, Abduljalil AM, Swanson SC, Earle MS, Farris JW, Mendenhall LA, et al. Muscle metabolism during exercise in young and older untrained and endurance-trained men. J Appl Physiol 1993; 75(5): 2125–2133. <>
11. Kirkendall DT, Garrett WE. The effects of aging and training on skeletal muscle. Am J Sports Med 1998; 26(4): 598. <>
12. Winter DA, Prince F, Frank J, Powell C, Zabjek KF. Unified theory regarding A/P and M/L balance in quiet stance. J Neurophysiol 1996; 75(6): 2334–2343. <>
13. Cumming RG, Salkeld G, Thomas M, Szonyi G. Prospective study of the impact of fear of falling on activities of daily living, SF-36 scores, and nursing home admission. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 2000; 55(5): M299. <>
14. Winter DA. ABC (anatomy, biomechanics and control) of balance during standing and walking. Waterloo Biomechanics, 1995.
15. Winter DA, Patla AE, Prince F, Ishac M, Gielo-Perczak K. Stiffness control of balance in quiet standing. J Neurophysiol 1998; 80(3): 1211. <>
16. Rocchi L, Chiari L, Cappello A. Feature selection of stabilometric parameters based on principal component analysis. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2004; 42(1): 71–79. <>
17. Chiari L, Rocchi L, Cappello A. Stabilometric parameters are affected by anthropometry and foot placement. Clin Biomech 2002; 17(9): 666–677. <>
18. Prince F, Winter D, Archer S. Assessment of postural control during quiet stance with different foot configuration. Gait and posture 1995; 3(2): 110–110. <>
19. Suchomel T. Stabilita v pohybovém systému a hluboký stabilizační systém–podstata a klinická východiska. Rehabilitace a fyzikální lékařství 2006; 13(3): 112–124.
20. Suchomel T, Lisický D. Progresivní dynamická stabilizace bederní páteře. Rehabilitace a fyzikální lékařství 2004: 128–136.
21. Lafond D, Corriveau H, Hebert R, Prince F. Intrasession reliability of center of pressure measures of postural steadiness in healthy elderly people1. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004; 85(6): 896–901. <>
22. Jančová J, Tošnerová V. Use of stabilometric platform and evaluation of methods for further measurement – a Pilot study. Acta Medica (Hradec Králové) 2007; 50(2): 139–143. <>
23. Maki BE, Holliday PJ, Topper AK. A prospective study of postural balance and risk of falling in an ambulatory and independent elderly population. J Gerontol 1994; 49(2): M72. <>
24. Sherrington C, Whitney JC, Lord SR, Herbert RD, Cumming RG, Close JCT. Effective exercise for the prevention of falls: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. J Am Geriatr Soc 2008; 56(12): 2234–2243. <>
25. Lucy S, Hayes K. Postural sway profiles: normal subjects and subjects with cerebellar ataxia. Physiother Can 1985; 37: 140–148.
26. Tumova J. Overeni vlivu pohyboveho programu na zlepseni stability u starsich osob pomoci posturografie – PhD Thesis. FTVS Charles University Prague 2003.
27. Jancova J. Measuring the balance control system – review. Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2008; 51(3): 129–137. <>
28. Boswart J. Manual for Kistler Platform, Prague. 1990.
29. Novakova H. Problematika vyuziti posturografie v kineziologii. Rehabilitace a fyzikalni lekarstvi 2001; 2(8): 65–69.
30. Tinetti ME, Williams CS. The effect of falls and fall injuries on functioning in community-dwelling older persons. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 1998; 53(2): M112. <>
31. Kang HG, Lipsitz LA. Stiffness Control of Balance During Quiet Standing and Dual Task in Older Adults: The MOBILIZE Boston Study. J Neurophysiol 2010; 104(6): 3510. <> <PubMed>
32. Morasso PG, Schieppati M. Can muscle stiffness alone stabilize upright standing? J Neurophysiol 1999; 82(3): 1622–1626. <>
33. Masani K, Popovic MR, Nakazawa K, Kouzaki M, Nozaki D. Importance of body sway velocity information in controlling ankle extensor activities during quiet stance. J Neurophysiol 2003; 90(6): 3774. <>
34. Prieto TE, Myklebust J, Hoffmann R, Lovett E, Myklebust B. Measures of postural steadiness: differences between healthy young and elderly adults. Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on 1996; 43(9): 956–966. <>
35. Massion J, Dufosse M. Coordination between posture and movement: why and how? Physiology 1988; 3(3): 88–93. <>
36. Wilder DG, Aleksiev AR, Magnusson ML, Pope MH, Spratt KF, Goel VK. Muscular response to sudden load: a tool to evaluate fatigue and rehabilitation. Spine 1996; 21(22): 2628–2639. <>
37. Melzer I, Benjuya N, Kaplanski J. Age-related changes of postural control: effect of cognitive tasks. Gerontology 2001; 47(4): 189–194. <>
38. Legters K. Fear of falling. Phys Ther 2002; 82(3): 264–272.
39. Vojta V, Peters A. Das vojta-prinzip: muskelspiele in reflexfortbewegung und motorischer ontogenese. Springer Verlag, 2007.
40. Véle F. Kineziologie pro klinickou praxi. Grada Publishing, 1997.
41. Panjabi MM, White AA. Biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system. Churchill Livingstone Philadelphia, 2001.
42. Mazzeo RS, Cavanagh P, Evans WJ, et al. ACSM position stand: exercise and physical activity for older adults. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 1998; 30(6): 992. <>
43. Danneels L, Vanderstraeten G, Cambier D, et al. Effects of three different training modalities on the cross sectional area of the lumbar multifidus muscle in patients with chronic low back pain. Br J Sports Med 2001; 35(3): 186–191. <> <PubMed>
44. Hides J, Gilmore C, Stanton W, Bohlscheid E. Multifidus size and symmetry among chronic LBP and healthy asymptomatic subjects. Man Ther 2008; 13(1): 43–49. <>
45. Schenkman M, Morey M, Kuchibhatla M. Spinal flexibility and balance control among community-dwelling adults with and without Parkinson’s disease. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 2000; 55(8): M441. <>
46. Iversen MD, Kale MK, Sullivan Jr JT. Pilot case control study of postural sway and balance performance in aging adults with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy 2009; 32(1): 15. <>
47. Lynch SM, Leahy P, Barker SP. Reliability of measurements obtained with a modified functional reach test in subjects with spinal cord injury. Phys Ther 1998; 78(2): 128–133. <>
front cover

ISSN 1211-4286 (Print) ISSN 1805-9694 (Online)

Open access journal