Acta Med. 2008, 51: 165-172

The Cultivation of Human Granulosa Cells

Lenka Brůčkováa,b, Tomáš Soukupa, Jiří Moosc, Martina Moosovád, Jana Pavelkovád, Karel Řežábekd, Benjamín Víšeka, Jaroslav Mokrýa

aCharles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Department of Histology and Embryology, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
bUniversity of Pardubice, Faculty of Chemical-Technology, Department of Biological and Biochemical Science, Pardubice, Czech Republic
cSigma-Aldrich, Prague, Czech Republic
dCharles University in Prague, 1st Medical Faculty and General Teaching Hospital in Prague, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Assisted Reproduction Center, Prague, Czech Republic

Received May 1, 2008
Accepted September 1, 2008

The major functions of granulosa cells (GCs) include the production of steroids, as well as a myriad of growth factors to interact with the oocyte during its development within the ovarian follicle. Also FSH stimulates GCs to convert androgens (coming from the thecal cells) to estradiol by aromatase. However, after ovulation the GCs produce progesterone that may maintain a potential pregnancy. Experiments with human GCs are mainly focused on the purification of GCs from ovarian follicular fluid followed by FACS analysis or short-term cultivation. The aim of our study was to cultivate GCs for a long period, to characterize their morphology and phenotype. Moreover, we have cultivated GCs under gonadotropin stimulation in order to simulate different pathological mechanisms during folliculogenesis (e.g. ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome). GCs were harvested from women undergoing in vitro fertilization. Complex oocyte-cumulus oophorus was dissociated by hyaluronidase. The best condition for transport of GCs was optimized as short transport in follicular fluid at 37 °C. GCs expansion medium consisted of DMEM/F12, 2 % FCS, ascorbic acid, dexamethasone, L-glutamine, gentamycine, penicillin, streptomycin and growth factors (EGF, bFGF). GCs transported in follicular fluid and cultivated in 2 % FCS containing DMEM/F12 medium supplemented with follicular fluid presented increased adhesion, proliferation, viability and decreased doubling time. Cell viability was 92 % and mean cell doubling time was 52 hrs. We have optimized transport and cultivation protocols for long-term cultivation of GCs.


Work was supported by the research projects of the Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic, MSM 0021620820 and MSM0021627502, and by the IGA of the Ministry of Health of CR, NR/8932/3.


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