Acta Med. 2007, 50: 183-186

Soft Tissue Esthetics in Implant Dentistry

Rakesh V. Somanathana, Antonín Šimůneka, Josef Bukačb, Tomáš Brázdaa, Dana Kopeckáa

aCharles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Department of Dentistry, and University Hospital Hradec Králové, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
bCharles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Department of Medical Biophysics, and University Hospital Hradec Králové, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic

Received May 1, 2007
Accepted June 1, 2007


1. Atwood DA, Coy DA. Clinical cephalometric and densitometric study of reduction of residual ridges. J Prosthet Dent 1971; 26:280–93. <>
2. Auty C, Siddiqui A. Punch technique for preservation of interdental papillae at nonsubmerged implant placement. Implant Dent 1999; 8:160–6. <>
3. Beagle JR. Surgical reconstruction of the interdental papilla: case report. Int J Periodont Rest Dent 1992; 12:145–51.
4. Becker W, Becker BE. Flap designs for minimization of recession adjacent to maxillary anterior implant sites: a clinical study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1996; 11:46–54.
5. Becker W, Dahlin C, Lekholm U, Bergstrom C, van Steenberghe D, Higuchi K, Becker BE. Five-year evaluation of implants placed at extraction and with dehiscences with ePTFE membranes. Results from a prospective multicenter study. Clin Impl Dent Relat Res 1999; 1:27–32. <>
6. Chiche GJ, Block MS, Pinault A. Implant surgical template for partially edentulous patients. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1989; 4:289–92.
7. Choquet V, Hermans M, Adriaenssens P et al. Clinical and radiographic evaluation of the papilla level adjacent to single-tooth dental implants. A retrospective study in the maxillary anterior region. J Periodontol 2001; 72:1364–71. <>
8. Croll BM. Emergence profiles in natural tooth contour. Part I: Photographic observations. J Prosthet Dent 1989; 62:4–10. <>
9. deLange GL. Aesthetic and prosthetic principles for single tooth implant procedures: an overview. Pract Periodontol Aesth Dent 1995; 7:51–61.
10. Elias AC, Sheiham A. The relationship between satisfaction with mouth and number and position of teeth. J Oral Rehab 1998; 25:649–61. <>
11. Gelb DA. Immediate implant surgery three-year retrospective evaluation of 50 consecutive cases. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1993; 8:388–99.
12. Grossberg DE. Interimplant papilla reconstruction: assessment of soft tissue changes and results of 12 consecutive cases. J Periodontol 2001; 72:958–62. <>
13. Holmes CH. Morphology of the interdental papillae. J Periodontol 1965; 36:21–26. <>
14. Jemt T. Regeneration of gingival papillae after single-implant treatment. Int J Periodont Rest Dent 1997; 17:327–33.
15. Kazor CE, Al-Shamari K, Sarment DP et al. Implant plastic surgery: a review and rationale. J Oral Implantol 2004; 30:240–54. <>
16. Lazarra RJ. Immediate implant placement into extraction sites: surgical and restorative advantages. Int J Periodontol Rest Dent 1989; 3:333–43.
17. Misch CE. Divisions of available bone in implant dentistry. Int J Oral Implantol 1990; 7:9–17.
18. Ohrnell LO, Hirsch JM, Ericsson I, Branemark PI. Single-tooth rehabilitation using osseointegration: a modified surgical and prosthodontic approach. Quintessence International. Sao paulo 1988; 19:871–6.
19. Rocci A, Martignoni M, Gottlow J. Immediate loading in the maxilla using flapless surgery, implants placed in predetermined positions, and prefabricated provisional restorations: A retrospective 3-year clinical study. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 2003; 5:29–36. <>
20. Saadoun AP, Landsberg TC. Treatment classifications and sequencing for post extraction implant therapy: a review. Pract Periodontol Rest Dent 1997; 9: 933–41.
21. Saadoun AP, Missika P, Denes L. Immediate placement of an implant after extraction: indications and surgical requirements. Actualites Odontostomatologiques 1990; 171:415–35.
22. Salama H, Salama MA, Garber D, Adar P. The interproximal height of bone: a guidepost to predictable aesthetic strategies and soft tissue contours in anterior tooth replacement. Pract Periodont Aesthet Dent 1998; 5:1131–41.
23. Schwartz-Arad D, Chaushu G. Placement of implants into fresh extraction sites: 4 to 7 years retrospective evaluation of 95 immediate implants. J Periodontol 1997; 68:1110–16. <>
24. Tallgren A. The continuing reduction of the residual ridges in complete denture wearers: a mixed-longitudinal study covering 25 years. J Prosthet Dent 1972; 27:120–32. <>
25. Tarnow DP, Magner AW, Fletcher P. The effect of the distance from the contact point to the crest of bone on the presence or absence of the interproximal dental papilla. J Periodontol 1992; 63:995–6. <>
26. Werbitt MJ, Goldberg PV. The immediate implant: bone preservation and bone regeneration. Int J Periodont Rest Dent 1992; 3:206–17.
27. Wheeler SL, Vogel RE, Casellini R. Tissue preservation and maintenance of optimum esthetics: a clinical report. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2001; 2: 265–71.
front cover

ISSN 1211-4286 (Print) ISSN 1805-9694 (Online)

Open access journal