Acta Med. 2006, 49: 183-188

Predictors of Mortality in Patients with Acute Renal Failure

Mehmet Tugrul Sezera, Murat Demira, Gokhan Gungorb, Altug Senolb

aSuleyman Demirel University School of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Isparta, Turkey
bSuleyman Demirel University School of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Isparta, Turkey

Received April 1, 2006
Accepted August 1, 2006


1. Batista PB, Cendorogolo Neto M et al. Evaluation of prognostic indexes in critical acute renal failure patients. Ren Fail. 2004; 26:545–52. <>
2. Biesenbach G, Zazgornik J, Kaiser W et al. Improvement in prognosis of patients with acute renal failure over a period of 15 years: An analysis of 710 cases in a dialysis center. Am J Nephrol 1992; 12:319–25. <>
3. Brivet FG, Kleinknecht DJ, Loirat P, Landais PJ. Acute renal failure in intensive care units-causes, outcome, and prognostic factors of hospital mortality; a prospective, multicenter study. French Study Group on Acute Renal Failure. Crit Care Med 1996; 24:192–8. <>
4. Bullock ML, Umen AJ, Finkelstein M, Keane WF. The assessment of risk factors in 462 patients with acute renal failure. Am J Kidney Dis 1985;5:97–103.
5. Chen YC, Hsu HH, Chen CY et al. Integration of APACHE II and III scoring systems in extremely high risk patients with acute renal failure treated by dialysis. Ren Fail. 2002; 24:285–96. <>
6. Chen YC, Hsu HH, Kao KC et al. Outcomes and APACHE II predictions for critically ill patients with acute renal failure requiring dialysis. Ren Fail 2001; 23: 61–70. <>
7. Chertow GM, Lazarus JM, Paganini EP et al. Predictors of mortality and the provision of dialysis in patients with acute tubular necrosis. The Auriculin Anaritide Acute Renal Failure Study Group. J Am Soc Nephrol 1998; 9:692–8.
8. Clermont G, Acker CG, Angus DC et al. Renal failure in the ICU: comparison of the impact of acute renal failure and end-stage renal disease on ICU outcomes. Kidney Int. 2002; 62:986–96. <>
9. Dara SI, Afessa B, Bajwa AA, Albright RC. Outcome of patients with end-stage renal disease admitted to the intensive care unit. Mayo Clin Proc. 2004; 79: 1385–90. <>
10. D’Avila DO, Cendoroglo Neto M, dos Santos OF et al. Acute renal failure needing dialysis in the intensive care unit and prognostic scores. Ren Fail. 2004; 26: 59–68. <>
11. Heering P, Ivens K, Thumer O et al. The use of different buffers during continuous hemofiltration in critically ill patients with acute renal failure. Intensive Care Med. 1999 Nov; 25:1244–51. <>
12. Heering P, Morgera S, Schmitz FJ et al. Cytokine removal and cardiovascular hemodynamics in septic patients with continuous venovenous hemofiltration. Intensive Care Med. 1997; 23:288–96. <>
13. Hou SH, Bushinsky DA, Wish JB et al. Hospital-acquired renal insufficiency. A prospective study. Am J Med 1983; 74:243–8. <>
14. Knaus WA, Wagner DP, Draper EA et al. The APACHE prognostic system; risk prediction of hospital mortality. Chest 1991; 100:1619–36. <>
15. Leblanc M, Tapolyai M, Paganini EP. What dialysis dose should be provided in acute renal failure? A review. Adv Ren Replace Ther 1995; 2:255–364. <>
16. Levy EM, Viscoli CM, Horwitz RI. The effect acute renal failure on mortality. A cohort analysis. JAMA 1996; 275:1489–94. <>
17. Liangos O, Rao M, Balakrishnan VS et al. Relationship of urine output to dialysis initiation and mortality in acute renal failure. Nephron Clin Pract 2005; 99: 56–60. <>
18. Lowrie EG, Lew NL. Death risk in hemodialysis patients: the predictive value of commonly measured variables and an evaluation of death rate differences between facilities. Am J Kidney Dis 1990; 15:458–82. <>
19. Morgera S, Kraft AK, Siebert G et al. Long-term outcomes in acute renal failure patients treated with continuous renal replacement therapies. Am J Kidney Dis 2002; 40:275–9. <>
20. Nolan CR, Anderson RJ. Hospital-acquired acute renal failure. J Am Soc Nephrol 1998; 9:710–18.
21. Obialo CI, Okonofua EC, Nzerue MC et al. Role of hypoalbuminemia and hypocholesterolemia as copredictors of mortality in acute renal failure. Kidney Int 1999; 56:1058–63. <>
22. Owen WF Jr, Lew NL, Liu Y et al. The urea reduction ratio and serum albumin concentration as predictors of mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis. N Engl J Med 1993; 329:1001–6. <>
23. Parker RA, Himmelfarb J, Tolkoff-Rubin N et al. Prognosis of patients with acute renal failure requiring dialysis:results of a multicenter study. Am J Kidney Dis. 1998; 32:432–43. <>
24. Ronco C, Bellomo R, Homel P et al. Effects of different doses in continuous veno-venous haemofiltration on outcomes of acute renal failure: a prospective randomised trial. Lancet 2000 Jul; 356:26–30. <>
25. Shusterman N, Strom BL, Murray TG et al. Risk factors and outcome of hospitalacquired acute renal failure. Clin. epidemiologic study. Am J Med 1987; 83:65–71. <>
front cover

ISSN 1211-4286 (Print) ISSN 1805-9694 (Online)

Open access journal